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This is a selection from Cuentos del 17 de Octubre
by
Adolfo Díez Gómez

The 17th of October in 1945 is the day Colonel Perón was arrested by political opponents because his growing power. Perón was both head of the armed forces as well as being in charge of organized labor. His pro-union policies had made him extremely popular with the working class.  This children’s book celebrated the working-class demonstrators who marched through the Argentine capital demanding his release. The worker’s succeeded and Perón was subsequently elected president of the republic. The date of this event is one of the most important days in Peronist folklore. - T.M.Edsall

The Sad Night

The 17 of October of 1945, factories and workshops toiled in daily labor and sweat, whistle blows and the sounds of pulleys at work.
A loud voice, the voice of a man shaken by grief, was heard in every door, in every room, in every corner of industrial and working-class Buenos Aires.
- They have detained the colonel!
- They have taken our leader to prison!
- Let’s go liberate him!
- Long live the fatherland!
A roiling torment like the sea, like a current readying to break through a dike, was heard throughout the peaceful city.
-  Who has been so insolent?
-  Who is impudent enough to want to take our leader away?
-  Who has committed a crime against the fatherland, seeking to neutralize the only person looking after us?
These were the first question the shaken people asked in the presence of the unfortunate event. 
Later an angry crowd exploding, a roaring lioness in search of its cub, thundering storm over the skies of Buenos Aires.
Stupefied minutes of silence at first, like a giant....

These are drawings of workers pouring out of the factory in anger.  Notice the worker with the mustache. He is the stereotypical “descamisado” (blue-collar worker) with his sleeves rolled up. He is a perfect example of working class masculinity.

...like a giant dazed by a surprise attack, but suddenly reacting with violence and a look of defiance. 
-  He must be freed!
-  Out of the factories!
-  Not a single worker should keep silent!
-  Let’s go!
-  Perón! Perón!
And a throng never seen before in the city began to march.
Many workers ran to spread the news to other businesses, as new groups joined the gigantic column.
The demonstrators converged on all the streets and avenues, moving toward the Plaza de Maya with banner unfurled.
The proletariat, yesterday submissive and resigned, today stood up furiously before the disgrace of their conductor.
They pursued their duty: loyalty and gratefulness.
They went to find a man, with him, the greatness of their land.
So they became familiar, that October morning, with the sad news.
Finally, one could hear the sincere voice of the people, in an endless parade of noble aspirations and elevated demands.
(translation and commentary by T.M.Edsall)